Distichiasis (double eyelashes) An extra row of eyelashes, usually on the lower lid but can be on the upperlid causing irritation to the cornea characterized by tearing.
Entropion (diamond eye) Eyelids roll in and hair rubs on the cornea; effect are irritation, tearing, and visual losses from scarring. This occurs in many breeds.
Gastric Torsion (GDV, bloat/torsion, twisted stomach) Bloat is a disease common to deep-chested dogs that can involve twisting or torsion of the stomach with a subsequent blockage of the esophagus at one end and the intestine at the other. Bloat happens quickly and is often fatal without immediate veterinary attention.
Hip Displasia (CHD or poor hips) Progressive developmental deformity of hip joints; mild to crippling.
Hypertropic Osteodystrophy (HOD) Painful, swollen joints and bones; fever; may outgrow it but often left with bone deformities; most prevalent in giant breeds; auto immune reaction to vaccines; also associated with oversupplementation. Mastocytoma (mast cell tumor) Malignant and often rapidly spreading nodular skin tumors.
Syringomyelia (spinal dysraphism; hopper’s disease) Dog stands in a crouch position and hops to move; non-progressive; associated with myelin dysplasias.
Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia There is a bad valve between heart chambers which causes other heart problems to develop.